Enlarged Breasts In Men (gynecomastia) – Symptoms and Causes

August 20, 2019     

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Are you Suffering From Gynecomastia and cannot differentiate with cancer?

As a male feeling Embarrassed with enlarged breasts and don’t know the causes and symptoms?

If you believe you have male breast tissue, you may be worried about this condition. Don’t think much about gynecomastia as it is more common and can easily be removed at Cosmosure Clinic. Don’t worry and if you need more information regarding the causes and symptoms of gynecomastia go through this article which may be helpful for you to know the cause and symptoms!

What is Gynecomastia:

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Gynecomastia is benign proliferation swelling of breast tissue, enlargement of glandular tissue in boys or men. This disease can occur in early childhood and adolescents in typically developing boys because the hormonal balance between estrogen and testosterone is disrupted.

One or both breasts are affected by gynecomastia, sometimes uneven. Newborns, teens and older men can experience gynecomastia as a result of changes in normal hormone levels and other reasons.

In general, gynecomastia is not a serious problem, but it can be difficult to overcome this condition. Men and boys with gynecomastia sometimes experience breast pain and may feel embarrassed.

Gynecomastia can disappear by itself. If this continues, medication or surgery can help.

Gynecomastia is the result of an imbalance in the body’s hormonal environment with the relative excess of estrogen (female hormone) compared to androgens (male hormones).

What Causes Gynecomastia?

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Many medication, diseases, and conditions can cause gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is also associated with some conditions and treatments like obesity, low testosterone levels, cirrhosis, and hyperthyroidism. Many things can cause hormonal imbalances that cause male breast growth, and often, the exact cause is unknown.

Apart from physical changes such as puberty and aging, the following causes of gynecomastia may occur:

  • if the testicles are Injured or diseases that affect the production of testosterone
  • Injuries or diseases that affect the testicles that produce testosterone
  • Thyroid problems as this hormone control growth and sexual development
  • Certain types of cancer, including lung, pituitary or adrenal gland tumors
  • Obesity, which can cause more estrogen
  • Medications for various diseases, including heart disease, cancer, depression
  • Illegal drugs, including anabolic steroids, marijuana, and heroin
  • Kidney failure (if it cannot cleanse and filter your blood)
  • liver disease
  • Some infants may get gynecomastia because if their mother’s hormones are still in their bodies.

Some of the reasons depending upon the growth levels:

Gynecomastia in infants:  Most of the male babies are born with breast enlarged due to the effects of estrogen from their mothers. As a rule, swollen breast tissue disappears in two to three weeks after giving birth if it does not go then it can cause gynecomastia.

Gynecomastia during puberty: Gynecomastia due to hormonal changes during puberty is relatively common. In most cases, swollen breast tissue disappears without treatment within six months to two years.

Gynecomastia in men: The prevalence of gynecomastia reaches a peak between 50 and 69 years. At least one in four men in this age group is affected.

The symptoms of gynecomastia include the following:

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The main symptom of gynecomastia is enlargement of one or both breasts. Increased glandular tissue usually occurs in both breasts, but in some cases unilateral. Concerning nipple, the breast growth may be uniform or uneven. Growth can occur just behind the nipple. Some of the following symptoms are:

  • Feel a painful or tender painful to touch breast or nipple.
  • Boys may have breasts bud in one or both breasts that are about a quarter or nickel in size. They are common in boys during adolescence and can last up to two years.
  • The most important thing is to distinguish between male gynecomastia from male breast cancer. Cancer may also be associated with thinning of the skin, nipple discharge, and enlarged lymph nodes under the arms, but gynecomastia does not have these symptoms.
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Nipple discharge in one or both breasts
  • Another problem that can cause swollen breasts in men is breast abscess, which is rare in men. Affected individuals may experience a fever or a cold. Swelling can be very painful and hot to the touch, and swollen skin may look reddish.


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Most cases of gynecomastia decrease over time without treatment. However, if gynecomastia is caused by underlying conditions such as hypogonadism, malnutrition or cirrhosis of the liver, this condition may need to be treated. If you use drugs that cause gynecomastia, your doctor can recommend you stop or replace other Medications.

In adolescents without clear reasons for gynecomastia, doctors can recommend routine follow-up visits every three to six months to see if their condition improves on their own. Gynecomastia often disappears without treatment for less than two years.

Treatment may be needed if gynecomastia does not improve on its own or if it causes significant pain, sensitivity.


Medications for the treatment of breast cancer and other conditions may be beneficial for some men with gynecomastia.

Surgery to Remove Excess Breast Tissue:

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If you still have significant breast enlargement regardless of treatment or initial monitoring, your doctor may advise you to undergo surgery. Two surgical options for gynecomastia are:

Liposuction: This operation removes fat in the breast but not in breast tissue.

Mastectomy: This type of surgery removes breast gland tissue. Endoscopic surgery is often performed with a small incision and requires less recovery time.

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Gynecomastia should not be taken lightly when it does not go by itself. It requires a qualified cosmetic surgeon to achieve the desired outcomes. Before choosing a cosmetic surgeon, do thorough research, check out testimonials before and after photos of previous patients followed by reviews.

If you are considering gynecomastia, we are here to help you with specialist plastic surgeons. Contact us today for consultation and estimation of cost at Cosmosure Clinic.

Ping us or Call now at this WhatsApp number: 9052620000

You can discuss your surgical goals and predictable results. Don’t be shy. Gynecomastia surgery used for both aesthetic as well as purely health reasons. Get now your desired breast size with Hyderabad’s leading gynecomastia surgery expert.

If you need any help, speak with our gynecomastia surgeon to help determine appropriate options for you.

About The Clinic:

‘CosmoSure’ is a renowned Dermatology and Plastic Surgery Clinic in Hyderabad, which is considered to be the meeting point for science & art. Established in the year 2015, CosmoSure, cosmetic surgery clinic has been one of the most preferred cosmetic clinics in Hyderabad. All the procedures at the Cosmosure clinic are a blend of skilled & artistic touch. Our specialists are trained with in-depth knowledge of aesthetic science and symmetry to help individuals to improve their skin health.